Results of the Third Battle of panipat

Results of the Third Battle of panipat

Results of the Third Battle of panipat

The Third Battle of Panipat fought on January 14, 1761 between the Marathas and forces of the Afghan ruler Ahmad Shah Abdali and his allies was one of the biggest and most significant battles of the 18th century in India.

The results of the Battle of panipat are as follows:-

1.  The Third Battle of Panipat had a great significance in the history of India. It shattered the dreams of both the Mughals and the Marathas. Although the power of the Marathas was not crushed completely as they rose soon to power, it gave a severe blow to the glory of the Marathas. The decline in their power in the north strengthened the Sikhs in the Punjab.

2.  Ahmad Shah Abdali, the staunch enemy of the Marathas went back safe to his capital after defeating them. Najib, their other enemy, also could not be crushed. On the other hands, he continued to be the dictator for ten years. The scheme of Dataji could not be executed nor could Allahabad, Bengal and Bihar be annexed. Owing to this defeat the Marathas not only failed to realize Tax in Avadh but also they could not impose Chauth on Bengal and Bihar.

3.  Punjab slipped from the hands of the Marathas for ever. How could the people who failed to keep a watch on the territory of Sindhu, stake a claim to be the rulers of territories. Later on, the Sikhs established their control over this province.

4.  The defeat also minimized the size of the Mughal empire. In A.D. 1772 when Marathas captured Delhi again, it constituted only Mewat and Haryana. The Marathas fought against Bundelkhand and Rajputana for the fulfillment of their ambitions. Sir J.N. Sarkar remarks, “As a result of it the feeling of hatred went deep in the hearts of Rajputs aginst the Marathas.”

5.  As a result of this defeat, the confidence of the Indian rulers in the Marathas power was totally lost. Moreover, the decisive battle of Panipat presented the real power of the Marathas before each and everyone. Sarkar writes, “In A.D. 1761 they could not save their own lives, then how could they be able to save the others.”

6.  Ahmad Shah Abdali was an efficient commander and Najibuddaula proved to be a better diplomat in comparison with Bhau. Their food supply was stopped and the Peshwas failed to send the reinforcements at the time of need, so they could not cop with the superior warfare tactics of Abdali.

7.  The defeat of Panipat caused the death of the third peshwa. Dr. Sardesai also mentions that the death of Peshwa was also the result of the Third battle of Panipat but Shezwalkar does not agree with this view. He writes that the Peshwa was already sick. His family conflicts and licentious life led him to the door of death. Shezwalkar writes, “That in case Marathas had even been victorious in this battle, the Peshwa would not have survived for many days.”

8.  As a result of this battle a posterity of the Marathas ended all of a sudden. The decline of the Marathas in the north helped the rise of the Britishers. When the Marathas tried to establish themselves in the north they had to struggle against the Britishers for survival. In this tug of war for superemacy, the Marathas could not get success. The Marathas confederation ended in toto and the powerful persons like Scindia, Holdar, Bhonsle and Gaekwar indulged in the establishment of their independent states. It would not be an exaggeration to say that the battle of Palasy sowed the seeds of British Power in India and the battle of panipat strengthened it.

Actually, both the Mughals and the Marathas received a severe setback due to this war. Their decline also contributed to the rise of Britishers. Sardesai writes that in the conflict of supremacy in India, the battle of Panipat gave way to one more partner, the Britishers. The Maratha power was completely shattered and they lost their grip on the politics of the North.


Milan Tomic

Hi. I’m Designer of Blog Magic. I’m CEO/Founder of ThemeXpose. I’m Creative Art Director, Web Designer, UI/UX Designer, Interaction Designer, Industrial Designer, Web Developer, Business Enthusiast, StartUp Enthusiast, Speaker, Writer and Photographer. Inspired to make things looks better.

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